The pond at Ketas Raj
(Chakwal) is sacred to Lord Shiva for it is believed that it was formed by his tears when he wept for his dead wife. This makes Ketas one of the holiest shrines in Hinduism. In 1985, I wrote that even though there were water works daily, drawing a few thousand gallons from the pond to supply nearby villages, the water never receded. Shiva, I concluded, was still weeping for his wife and his tears continuously replenishing the pond
About the middle of the last decade, the Musharraf government okayed the building of five (or four?) cement factories within a radius of a few kilometres of Ketas. Someone as corrupt as the government was hired to prepare an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The modus operandi of this fraudster is to prostrate himself at the feet of the factory owner and pray for the demi-god to say what he wants written in the EIA. And so the document gets written: a piece of utter deception meant only to fatten some government file.
The writer of the EIA is corrupt all right, but he is not stupid. Nor indeed are the owners of the cement factories. All of them knew that cement being a water intensive industry, the factories would suck up the water from not just the soil but from all nearby water bodies. That is exactly what has happened.
On a visit to Ketas two months ago, I was horrified to see the pond shrunken to a mere fraction of the size as I have always known and as preserved in my book The Salt Range and the Potohar Plateau
. In the 1920s, a civil servant wrote that the oval pond, measuring about 40 metres at the widest, was fed by submerged springs (besides rain water) and was sounded to a depth of 22 feet (6.7 metres). Local so-called historians told me in the 1980s and after that it was connected by a subterranean channel to Lake Mansarovar in Tibet! That was the reason the water never depleted, they said. They believed hogwash but would not credit Lord Shiva with shedding copious tears.
But the god, who wept inconsolably at the death of his wife, has at last found solace. He weeps no more. The pond is dying.
In a few years, there will be a deep pit where the pond now reflects the surrounding buildings. Ketas Raj, among the holiest shrines in the collective memory of the people of the subcontinent (regardless of our spurious claims of Arab origin), will lose its very reason of existence. And this will only be because predatory sub-humans with insatiable avarice for wealth found the nearby limestone hills an accessible quarry to turn into cement.
Ketas Raj and its gem of a pond will not be the only losers, however. Twenty kilometres to the northwest sits Kallar Kahar, a saline lake where migrating birds tarry on their great north-south transhumance twice a year. It was here that Babur, the founder of the Mughal empire
, captivated by the natural beauty of these hills, tarried. Here he planted his garden called Bagh-e-Safa, of which the remnants can still be seen.
We began to kill Kallar Kahar first by planting the water-guzzling eucalyptus around its shores about three decades ago. Then most of us did not know that this Australian tree, alien to our good land, will eventually dry out the lake. The water that lapped the road along the western shore 30 years ago, is now a good ways away — the lake considerably shrunken from Babur’s time. But before the eucalyptus can suck up all the water, the ever-thirsty cement factories will have dried out the lake. Ditto all those very picturesque lakes created by damming seasonal streams.
Even in my lifetime, we will see the land turning to mountainous desert. Agriculture will die out because of the aridity, wells will run dry and without the water from Shiva’s tears, farming families will be forced to move away. The beautiful Kahun valley, as this part is known, will become a conglomerate of ghost towns. By the end of the current century, the ghostly hulks of abandoned cement plants will remain to remind us of the avarice of a few evil men.
Labels: Heritage, Punjab, Salt Range
posted by Salman Rashid @ 12:00 AM,
At May 17, 2014 at 9:36 AM,
Vidya Menon said...
Lovely piece sir and a breath taking picture to accompany it. Man's avarice and stupidity knows no bounds.
At May 18, 2014 at 6:29 PM,
Sir thanks for providing the in depth information regarding the effect of Cement Factories and the try called eucalyptus planted around the Kallar Kahar. Sir my question is, where are the Government Departments who,s task is to analyse such upcoming dangers
At May 18, 2014 at 8:20 PM,
Salman Rashid said...
Dear Athar, Environmental Impact Assessments are done for money. Assessors write what the client (factory owner) wants. The concerned government department sleeps. The scum in the Forest Department know nothing of ecology and the scum that heads the Parks and Horticulture departments are not only ignorant but also as corrupt as those of the Forest Department. We lose, the environment loses.
At May 19, 2014 at 10:28 PM,
Salman sahib, I am a great fan of your work and have been reading your blog religiously, albeit silently and without comment (as religion perhaps should be), for the past year.
One of the cement factories in the area is DG Khan. The Mansha Group has in it's employ as it's senior-most officer for CSR Mr. Kamran Rasool, a former civil servant who I recall you writing good things about -- and all for good reason. May I suggest you approach Mr. Rasool to discuss the issue, see what can be done? I am not naive enough to believe that corporate interests will necessarily be considered secondary to environmental preservation, but the gravity of the situation as you describe it does warrant an effort in my opinion.
Thank you for continuing to keep your head while all about you are losing theirs.
At May 20, 2014 at 1:56 PM,
Salman Rashid said...
Taimur, thank you very much for this comment. Kamran is a very dear and much respected friend. I had no idea he was with that factory. I'll go and see him some time as soon as I am done with current assignments.
At May 17, 2015 at 12:42 PM,
Very insightful & informative. Highlighting the subcontinental malaise that is gnawing our heritage.
At May 20, 2015 at 9:10 AM,
Salman Rashid said...
We are particularly afflicted by this malaise, Sharma Ji. And it is not only pre-Islamic or non-Islamic heritage that suffers. We hate all heritage.
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